Guidelines for Livestock Drinking Water Quality

Parameters

Maximum acceptable milligrams per litre (ppm)

 

Major Ions & Nutrients

Calcium

Nitrate plus nitrate

Nitrate alone

Sulphate

Total dissolved solids

 

Heavy Metals and Trace Ions

Aluminum

Arsenic

Beryllium

Boron

Cadmium

Chromium

Cobalt

Copper

 

 

Fluoride

Iron

Lead

Manganese

Mercury

Molybdenum

Nickel

Selenium

Uranium

Vanadium

Zinc

 

 

Livestock

 

1000

100

10.0

1000

3000

 

5.0

0.025

0.1

5.0

0.08

0.05

1.0

1.0

5.0

0.5

2.0

---

0.1

---

0.003

0.5

1.0

0.05

0.2

0.1

50.0

 

 

Humans

 

---

11

1.0

500

500

 

---

0.025

---

5.0

0.005

0.05

---

cattle

swine/poultry

sheep

1.5

0.3

0.01

0.05

0.001

---

---

0.01

0.02

---

5.0

 

 

Note --- indicates no guideline

Typical Livestock Water Consumption Levels

 

Dairy (litres/day)

Dry cows

Lactating

Yearling Heifers

 

Swine (litres/day)

Sows

Weaners

Growing-finishing

 

 

40

100

30

 

 

25

2.5

7

 

Beef (litres/day)

Dry cows

Lactating

Yearling Heifers

Feedlot animals

 

Poultry (litres/day)

Broilers

Layers

Turkeys

 

 

35

55

30

50

 

 

140

190

700

 

Notes

(1)  All intake levels are subject to large variation related to environmental temperature, humidity, water quality and availability, diet composition and animal performance level.

(2)  Animals consuming wet feeds such as by-products, pasture or silages will drink considerably less water than indicated above.

Compiled by Murray Snowdon, NBAFA, 2000.  Updated in 2008.

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WTC

 

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